DXCC - Länderliste

Jeder Funkamateur besitzt ein Rufzeichen . 
Dieses setzt sich aus einem Prefix und einen Suffix zusammen. 
Prefixe bezeichnen die Herkunft eines Amateurfunkers, diese sind jeweils einem Land zugeteilt. 
In einigen Ländern erkennt man daran auch, welcher Lizenzklasse der Besitzer angehört. 
(z.B.: Deutschland DH2UHF gefolgt von einer Zahl und ein bis drei Buchstaben)
Diese Kennzeichnung der Stationen sind International geregelt und erlauben die Zuordnung des Calls zu einem Land. 
Es können aber auch Kombinationen möglich sein wie es in der Länderliste erkennbar ist. 
Die Länderliste zeigt zu jedem Präfix den Ländernamen, den Locator, die Hauptstadt und den Kontinent an damit eine Lokalisation der Gegenstation möglich ist. Für die Zuordnung der ITU oder der CQ-Zonen gibt es spezielle Karten, mit einer Felderaufteilung, damit jede Zone definiert ist.

Prefix Entity / Land Location Hauptstadt Kontinent ITU CQ
1 S, 9 M Ø Spratly Island 9 N 112 E   AS 50 26
1 A Ø Sov.Mil. Order of Malta 42 N 13 E   EU 28 15
3 A Monaco 44 N 8 E Monaco EU 27 15
3 B 6, 7 Agalega, St. Brandon 10 S 57 E   AF 53 39
3 B 8 Mauritius 20 S 58 E Port Lois AF 53 39
3 B 9 Rodrigues Island 20 S 63 E Port Mathurin AF 53 39
3 C Equatorial Guinea 4 N 9 E Malabo AF 47 36
3 C Ø Annobon Island 1 S 6 E   AF 52 36
3 D 2 Fiji 18 S 178 E Suva OC 56 32
3 D 2 C Conway Reef 22 S 175 E   OC 56 32
3 D 2 R Rotuma Island 13 S 177 E   OC 56 32
3 DA Swaziland 26 S 31 E Mbabane AF 57 38
3 V Tunisia 37 N 10 E Tunis AF 37 33
3 W, XV Vietnam 11 N 107 E Hanoi AS 49 26
3 X Guinea 10 N 14 W Conakry AF 46 35
3 Y B Bouvet Island 54 S 3 E   AF 67 38
3 Y P Peter 1 Island 69 S 91 W   AN 72 12
4 J, 4 K Azerbaijan 40 N 50 E Baku AS 29 21
4 L Georgia 42 N 45 E Tbilisi AS 29 21
4 P - 4 S Sri Lanka 7 N 80 E Colombo AS 41 22
4 U - ITU ITU - HQ, Geneva 46 N 6 E   EU 28 14
4 U - UN United Nations HQ     NA 08 05
4 W Timor Leste     OC 54 28
4 X, 4 Z Israel 32 N 35 E Jerusalem AS 39 20
5 A Libya 33 N 13 E Tripolis AF 38 34
5 B Cyprus 35 N 33 E Nicosia AS 39 20
5 H - 5 I Tanzania 7 S 39 E Dodoma AF 53 37
5 N - 5 O Nigeria 6 N 3 E Abuja AF 46 35
5 R - 5 S Madagascar 19 S 48 E Antananarivo AF 53 39
5 T Mauritania 18 N 16 W Nouakchott AF 46 35
5 U Nigeria 14 N 2 W Niamey AF 46 35
5 V Togo 6 N 1 E Lomé AF 46 35
5 W Western Samoa 14 S 172 W Apia OC 62 32
5 X Uganda 0 N 33 E Kampala AF 48 37
5 Z, 5 Y Kenya 2 S 37 E Nairobi AF 48 37
6 V, 6 W Senegal 15 N 18 W Dakar AF 46 35
6 Y Jamaica 18 N 77 W Kingston NA 11 08
7 O Yemen 13 N 45 E Sana AS 39 21,37
7 P Lesotho 29 S 27 E Maseru AF 57 38
7 Q Malawi 14 S 34 E Lilongwe AF 53 37
7 X, 7 Y Algeria 37 N 3 E Algier AF 37 33
8 P Barbados 13 N 60 W Bridgetown NA 11 08
8 Q Maldives 4 N 73 E Malé AS / AF 41 22
8 R Guyana 6 N 58 W Georgetown SA 12 09
9 A Croatia 45 N 16 E Zagreb EU 28 15
9 G Ghana 5 N 0 W Acra AF 46 35
9 H Malta 36 N 15 E Valetta EU 28 15
9 J, 9 I Zambia 15 S 28 E Lusaka AF 53 36
9 K Kuwait 29 N 48 E Kuwait - City AS 39 21
9 L Sierra Leone 9 N 13 W Freetown AF 46 35
9 M 2, 4 West Malaysia 3 N 102 E Kuala Lumpur AS 54 28
9 M 6, 8 East Malaysia 6 N 116 E   OC 54 28
9 N Nepal 28 N 85 E Kathmandu AS 42 22
9 Q, 9 T Dem. Rep. Of Congo 4 S 15 E Kinshasa AF 52 36
9 U Burundi 3 S 29 E Bujumbura AF 52 36
9 V Singapore 1 N 104 E Singapore AS 54 28
9 X Rwanda 2 S 37 E Kigali AF 52 36
9 Y, 9 Z Trinidad + Tobago   Port of Spain SA 11 09
A 2 Botswana 22 S 24 E Gaborone AF 57 38
A 3 Tonga 21 S 175 W Tongatapu OC 62 32
A 4 Oman 22 N 56 E Muscat AS 39 21
A 5 Bhutan 28 N 91 E Thimphu AS 41 22
A 6 United Arab Emirates 24 N 54 E Abu Dhabi AS 39 21
A 7 Qatar 25 N 51 E Doha AS 39 21
A 9 Bahrain 26 N 51 E Manama AS 39 21
AP, AS Pakistan 30 N 70 E Islamabad AS 41 21
BS 7 S Scarborough Reef 15 N 117 E   AS 50 27
BV Taiwan 24 N 121 E Taipei AS 44 24
BV 9 P Pratas Island 20 N 116 E   AS 44 24
BY China 35 N 105 E Beijing AS 33,42-44 23,24
C 2 Nauru 1 S 167 E Yaren OC 65 31
C 3 Andorra 43 N 2 E Andorra la Vella EU 27 14
C 5 The Gambia 14 N 16 W Banjul AF 46 35
C 6 Bahamas 24 N 76 W Nassau NA 11 08
C 9, 8 Mozambique 18 S 35 E Maputo AF 53 37
CE Chile 30 S 71 W Santiago SA 14,16 12
CE Ø East Easter Island 27 S 109 W   SA 63 12
CE Ø JF Juan Fernandez Island 33 S 80 W   SA 14 12
CE Ø SF San Felix + San Ambrosio Is. 26 S 80 W   SA 14 12
CM, CO Cuba 22 N 80 W Habana NA 11 08
CN Morocco 32 N 5 W Rabat AF 37 33
CP Bolivia 17 S 65 W La Paz SA 12,14 10
CT Portugal 40 N 8 W Lissabon EU 37 14
CT 3 Madeira Island 33 N 17 W Funchal AF 36 33
CU Azores 39 N 28 W Ponte Delgada EU 36 14
CX Uruguay 33 S 56 W Montevideo SA 14 13
CY Ø Sable Island 44 N 60 W   NA 09 05
CY 9 St. Paul Island 47 N 60 W   NA 09 05
D 2 Angola 13 S 19 E Luanda AF 52 36
D 4 Cape Verde 16 N 24 W Praia AF 46 35
D 6 Comoros 12 S 44 E Moroni AF 53 39
DL Fed. Rep. Of Germany 51 N 9 E Berlin EU 28 14
DU Philippines 12 N 122 E Manila OC 50 27
E 3 Eritrea 15 N 39 E Asmara AF 48 37
E 4 Palestine 32 N 35 E   AS 39 20
EA Spain 40 N 4 W Madrid EU 37 14
EA 6 Balearic Island 40 N 3 W Palma de Mallorca EU 37 14
EA 8 Canary Island 28 N 16 W Puerto de la Cruz AF 36 33
EA 9 Ceuta + Melilla 36 N 5 W   AF 37 33
EI Ireland 53 N 6 W Dublin EU 27 14
EK Armenia 40 N 45 E Yerewan AS 29 21
EL Liberia 6 N 11 W Monrovia AF 46 35
EP Iran 36 N 51 E Teheran AS 40 21
ER Moldova 47 N 29 E Kishinev EU 29 16
ES Estonia 59 N 25 E Tallin EU 29 15
ET Ethiopia 9 N 39 E Addis Ababa AF 48 37
EW Belarus 59 N 28 E Minsk EU 29 16
EX Kyrgyztan 43 N 75 E Bishkek AS 30,31 17
EY Tajikistan 39 N 69 E Dushanbe AS 30 17
EZ Turkmenistan 38 N 58 E Ashkhabad AS 30 17
F France 49 N 2 E Paris EU 27 14
FG Guadeloupe 16 N 63 W Basse - Terre NA 11 08
FH Mayotte 13 S 45 E Dzaoudi AF 53 39
FK New Caledonia 22 N 167 E Noumea OC 56 32
FK, TX Chesterfield Island     OC 56 32
FM Martinique 15 N 61 W Fort - de - France NA 11 08
FO Poly French Polynesia 18 S 150 W Papeete OC 63 32
FO Aus Austral Island     OC 63 32
FO Mar Marquesas Island     OC 63 31
FO Cli Clipperton Island 10 N 109 W   NA 10 07
FP St. Pierre + Miquelon 47 N 56 W   NA 09 05
FR Reunion 12 S 47 E Saint - Denis AF 53 39
FR Glor Glorioso Island 12 S 47 E   AF 53 39
FR Juan Juan de Nova, Europa 17 S 43 E   AF 53 39
FR Trom Tromelin Island 16 S 54 E   AF 53 39
FS, FJ Saint Martin 18 N 63 W   NA 11 08
FT Amst Amsterdam + St. Paul 38 S 78 E   AF 68 39
FT Croz Crozet Island 46 S 52 E   AF 68 39
FT Kerg Kerguelen Island 50 S 70 E   AF 68 39
FW Wallis + Futuna Island 14 S 172 W Mata - Utu OC 62 32
FY French Guiana 5 N 52 W Cayenne SA 12 09
G England 52 N 0 W London EU 27 14
GD Isle of Man 54 N 4 W Douglas EU 27 14
GI Northern Ireland 55 N 6 W Belfast EU 27 14
GJ Jersey 49 N 2 W St. - Hellier EU 27 14
GM Scotland 57 N 2 W Glasgow EU 27 14
GU Guernsey 49 N 3 W St. Peter - Port EU 27 14
GW Wales 52 N 3 W Cardiff EU 27 14
H 4 Solomon Island 9 S 160 E Honiara OC 51 28
H 4Ø Temotu Province     OC 51 32
HA Hungary 48 N 19 E Budapest EU 28 15
HB Switzerland 47 N 7 E Turgi EU 28 14
HB Ø Liechtenstein 47 N 10 E Vaduz EU 28 14
HC Ecuador 0 N 79 W Quito SA 12 10
HC 8 Galapagos Island 1 S 90 W   SA 12 10
HH Haiti 19 N 72 W Port - au - Prince NA 11 08
HI Dominican Republic 18 N 70 W Santa Domingo NA 11 08
HK Colombia 5 N 74 W Bogota SA 12 09
HK Ø Mal Malpelo Island 4 N 82 W   SA 12 09
HK Ø San San Andres + Providencia 13 N 82 W   NA 11 07
HL South Korea 38 N 127 E Seoul AS 44 25
HP Panama 9 N 80 W Panama NA 11 07
HR Honduras 14 N 87 W Tegucigalpa NA 11 07
HS Thailand 14 N 101 E Bangkok AS 49 26
HV Vatican 42 N 13 E   EU 28 15
HZ Saudi Arabia 25 N 47 E Riyadh AS 39 21
I Italy 42 N 12 E Rome EU 28 15,33
IS Ø Sardinia 39 N 9 E Cagliari EU 28 15
J 2 Djibouti 12 N 43 E Djibouti AF 48 37
J 3 Grenada 12 N 62 W St. George's NA 11 08
J 5 Guinea - Bissau 12 N 16 W Bissau AF 46 35
J 6 St. Lucia 14 N 61 W Castries NA 11 08
J 7 Dominican Republic 15 N 61 W Roseau NA 01 08
J 8 St. Vincent 13 N 61 W Kingstown NA 11 08
JA Japan 36 N 140 E Tokyo AS 45 25
JD Mina Minami Torishima 24 N 154 E   OC 90 27
JD Ogas Ogasawara 28 N 142 E   AS 45 27
JT Mongolia 48 N 107 E Ulaanbaatar AS 32,33 23
JW Svalbard 78 N 16 E Longyearbyen EU 18 40
JX Jan Mayen 71 N 9 W Eggoya EU 18 40
JY Jordan 32 N 36 E Amman AS 39 20
K USA 39 N 77 W Washington D.C. NA 06,07,08 03,04,05
KG 4 Guantanamo Bay 20 N 75 W   NA 11 08
KH Ø Mariana Island 15 N 146 E Susupe OC 64 27
KH 1 Baker + Howland Island 0 N 176 W   OC 61 31
KH 2 Guam 13 N 145 W Agana OC 64 27
KH 3 Johnston Island 17 N 170 W   OC 61 31
KH 4 Midway Island 28 N 177 W   OC 61 31
KH 5 Palm Palmyra + Jarvis Island 6 N 162 W   OC 61,62 31
KH 5 King Kingman Reef 6 N 162 W   OC 61 31
KH 6 Hawaii 21 N 158 W Honolulu OC 61 31
KH 7 K Kure Island 29 N 178 W   OC 61 31
KH 8 American Samoa 14 S 171 W Pago Pago OC 62 32
KH 9 Wake Island 19 N 167 E   OC 65 31
KL 7 Alaska 58 N 134 W Juneau NA 01,02 01
KP 1 Navassa Island 18 N 75 W   NA 11 08
KP 2 Virgin Island 18 N 65 W Charlotte Armalie NA 11 08
KP 4 Puerto Rico 18 N 66 W San Juan NA 11 08
KP 5 Desecho Island 18 N 68 W   NA 11 08
LA Norway 60 N 11 E Oslo EU 18 14
LU Argentina 35 S 58 W Buenos Aires SA 14,16 13
LX Luxembourg 50 N 6 E Luxembourg EU 27 14
LY Lituania 55 N 25 E Vilnius EU 29 15
LZ Bulgaria 43 N 23 E Sofia EU 28 20
OA Peru 12 S 78 W Lima SA 12 10
OD Lebanon 34 N 36 E Beirut AS 39 20
OE Austria 48 N 16 E Vienna EU 28 15
OH Finland 60 N 25 E Helsinki EU 18 15
OH Ø Alan Aland Island 60 N 20 E Maarianham EU 18 15
OJ Ø Mark Market Reef 60 N 19 E   EU 18 15
OK Czech Republic 50 N 16 E Praha EU 28 15
OM Slovak Republic 49 N 20 E Bratislava EU 28 15
ON Belgium 51 N 4 E Brussels EU 27 14
OX Greenland 64 N 52 W Nuuk NA 05,75 40
OY Faroe Island 62 N 7 E Torshavn EU 18 14
OZ Denmark 56 N 13 E Kopenhaven EU 18 14
P 2 Papua New Guinea 10 S 147 E Port Moresby OC 51 28
P 4 Aruba 13 N 70 W Oranjestad SA 11 09
P 5 North Korea 39 N 126 E Pyongyang AS 44 25
PA Netherlands 52 N 5 E Amsterdam EU 27 14
PJ 2, 4, 9 Bonaire, Curacao 12 N 69 W Willemstad SA 11 09
PJ 5 - 8 St. Maarten, Saba, St. Eustatius 18 N 63 W   NA 11 08
PY Brazil 16 S 48 W Brasilia SA 12,13,15 11
PY Ø Fern Fernando de Noronha 4 S 32 W   SA 13 11
PY Ø Spet St. Peter + St. Paul Rocks 0 0 N 29 W   SA 13 11
PY Ø Trin Trinidade + Martim Vaz Island 21 S 29 W   SA 15 11
PZ Suriname 6 N 55 W Paramaribo SA 12 09
R 1 FJL Franz Josef Land 81 N 48 E   EU 75 40
R 1 MV Malyj Vysotskij 61 N 29 E   EU 29 16
S Ø Western Sahara 27 N 13 W Daklah AF 46 33
S 2 Bangladesh 24 N 90 E Dhaka AS 41 22
S 5 Slovenia 46 N 14 E Ljubliana EU 28 15
S 7 Seychelles 5 S 55 E Victoria AF 53 39
S 9 Sao Tome + Principe 0 N 7 E Sao Tome AF 47 36
SM Sweden 59 N 18 E Stockholm EU 18 14
SP Poland 52 N 21 E Warsaw EU 28 15
ST Sudan 16 N 32 E Khartoum AF 47,48 34
SU Egypt 31 N 31 E Cairo AF 38 34
SV Greece 38 N 22 E Athens EU 28 20
SV Athos Mount Athos 40 N 24 E   EU 28 20
SV 5 Dodecanese 36 N 28 E Karpathos EU 28 20
SV 9 Crete 36 N 24 E Iraklion EU 28 20
T 2 Tuvalu 9 S 179 E Vaiaku OC 65 31
T 3Ø West Western Kiribati 1 S 173 E Bairiki OC 65 31
T 31 Cent Central Kiribati 4 S 171 W   OC 62 31
T 32 East Eastern Kiribati 2 N 158 W   OC 61,63 31
T 33 Banaba Island 1 S 170 E   OC 65 31
T 5 Somalia 2 N 46 E Mogadishu AF 48 37
T 7 San Marino 44 N 12 E San Marino EU 28 15
T 8 Palau 7 N 134 E Koror OC 64 27
T 9 Bosnia - Herzegovina 44 N 18 E Sarajewo EU 28 15
TA Turkey 40 N 33 E Ankara EU,AS 39 20
TF Iceland 64 N 22 W Reykjavik E 17 40
TG Guatemala 16 N 92 W Guatemala - City NA 11 07
TI Costa Rica 10 N 84 W San Jose NA 11 07
TI 9 Cocos Island 6 N 87 W   NA 11 07
TJ Cameroon 4 N 12 E Yaounde AF 47 36
TK Corsica 42 N 9 E Ajaccio EU 28 15
TL Central Africa 5 N 19 E Bangui AF 47 36
TN Congo 4 S 15 E Brazzaville AF 52 36
TR Gabon 1 N 10 E Libreville AF 52 36
TT Chad 12 N 15 E N'Djamena AF 47 36
TU Cote d'Ivoire 5 N 4 W Yamaoussoukro AF 46 35
TY Benin 6 N 3 E Porto - Novo AF 46 35
TZ Mali 13 N 6 W Bamako AF 46 35
UA European Russia 56 N 37 E Moscow EU 19,20,29,30 16
UA 2 Kaliningrad 55 N 21 E Kaliningrad EU 29 15
UA 8 - Ø Asiatic Russia 62 N 110 E   AS Diverse Diverse
UJ Uzbekistan 41 N 69 E Taschkent AS 30 17
UN Kazakhstan 43 N 77 E Almaty AS 29,30,31 17
UR Ukraine 50 N 30 E Kiev EU 29 16
V 2 Antigua + Barbuda 17 N 62 W Saint John's NA 11 08
V 3 Belize 17 N 89 W Belmopan   NA 11 07
V 4 St. Kitts + Nevis 17 N 63 W Basseterre NA 11 08
V 5 Namibia 22 S 17 E Windhoek AF 57 38
V 6 Micronesia 7 N 156 E Kolonia OC 65 27
V 7 Marshall Island 7 N 171 E Dalap - Uliga - Darrit OC 65 31
V 8 Brunei 5 N 115 E Bandar Seri Begawan OC 54 28
VE Canada 45 N 76 W Ottawa NA 02,03,04,09,75 01,02,03,04,05
VK Australia 35 S 149 E Canberra OC 55,58,59 29,30
VK Ø Heard Heard Island 53 S 73 E   AF 68 39
VK Ø Macq Macquarie Island 54 S 159 E   OC 60 30
VK 9 Cocos Cocos - Keeling Island 12 S 97 E   OC 54 29
VK 9 Lord Lord Howe Island 31 S 159 E   OC 60 30
VK 9 Mell Mellish Reef 17 S 156 E   OC 56 30
VK 9 Norf Norfolk Island 29 S 168 E Kingston OC 60 32
VK 9 Willis Willis Island 16 S 150 E   OC 55 30
VK 9 Christ Christmas Island 10 S 106 E Flying Fish Cove OC 54 29
VP 2 E Anguilla 18 N 63 W The Valley NA 01 08
VP 2 M Montserat 17 N 62 W Plymouth NA 11 08
VP 2 V British Virgin Island 18 N 65 W Road Town NA 11 08
VP 5 Turks + Caicos Island 22 N 72 W Cockburn Town NA 11 08
VP 6 Pitcairn Island 25 S 130 W Adamstown OC 63 32
VP 6 Ducie Island     OC 63 32
VP 8 Antar Antarctica     AN Diverse Diverse
VP 8 Fakl Falkland Island 52 S 58 W Port Stanley SA 16 13
VP 8 Georg South Georgia Island 54 S 37 W   SA 73 13
VP 8 Orkne South Orkney Island 60 S 46 W   SA 73 13
VP 8 Sandw South Sandwich Island 59 S 27 W   SA 73 13
VP 8 Shetl South Shetland Island 62 S 59 W   SA 73 13
VP 9 Bermuda 32 N 65 W Hamilton NA 11 05
VQ 9 Chagos Island 7 S 72 E   AF 41 39
VR Hong Kong 22 N 114 E Victoria AS 44 24
VU India 20 N 77 E New Dehli AS 41 22
VU Andam Andaman + Nicobar Island 12 N 93 E Port Blair AS 49 26
VU Laksh Lakshadweep Island 11 N 73 E Kavaratti AS 41 22
XE Mexico 20 N 99 W Mexico - City NA 10 06
XE 4 Revilla Gigedo 18 N 113 W   NA 10 06
XT Burkina Faso 12 N 2 W Ouagadougou AF 46 35
XU Cambodia 12 N 105 E Phnom Penh AS 49 26
XW Laos 20 N 102 E Vientiane AS 49 26
XX 9 Macao 22 N 114 E Santo Nome de Deus de Macao AS 44 24
XZ Myanmar 17 N 96 E Yangon AS 49 26
YA Afghanistan 35 N 69 E Kabul AS 40 21
YB Indonesia 6 S 107 E Jakarta OC 51,54 28
YI Iraq 32 N 45 E Baghdad AS 39 21
YJ Vanuatu 18 S 166 E Port Vila OC 56 32
YK Syria 34 N 36 E Damaskus AS 39 20
YL Latvia 57 N 24 E Riga EU 29 15
YN Nicaragua 12 N 87 W Managua NA 11 07
YO Romania 45 N 26 E Bucaresti EU 28 20
YS El Salvador 14 N 89 W San Salvador NA 11 07
YU Yugoslavia 45 N 20 E Beograd EU 28 15
YV Venezuela 10 N 67 W Caracas SA 12 09
YV Ø Aves Island 16 N 64 W   NA 11 08
Z 2 Zimbabwe 18 S 31 E Harare AF 53 38
Z 3 Macedonia 18 S 31 E Skopje EU 28 15
ZA Albania 41 N 20 E Tirana EU 28 15
ZB 2 Gibraltar 37 N 5 W   EU 37 14
ZC 4 UK Sov. Base Areas on Cyprus 36 N 33 E   AS 39 20
ZD 7 St. Helena 16 S 6 W Jamestown AF 66 36
ZD 8 Ascension Island 8 S 14 W   AF 66 36
ZD 9 Tristan da Cunha + Gough Is. 37 S 12 W   AF 66 38
ZF Cayman Island 19 N 81 W Georgetown NA 11 08
ZK 1 North North Cook Island 10 S 161 W   OC 62 32
ZK 1 South South Cook Island 22 S 158 W Avarua OC 62 32
ZK 2 Niue 19 S 170 W Alofi OC 62 32
ZK 3 Tokelau Island 9 S 171 W Fakaofo OC 62 31
ZL New Zealand 41 S 175 E Wellington OC 60 32
ZL 7 Chatham Island 44 S 177 E   OC 60 32
ZL 8 Kermadec Island 29 S 178 E   OC 60 32
ZL 9 Auckland + Campbell Island 51 S 166 E   OC 60 32
ZP Paraguay 26 S 57 W Ascuncion SA 14 11
ZS South Africa 26 S 28 E Pretoria AF 57 38
ZS 8 Prince Edward + Marion Island 47 S 38 E   AF 57 38
Stand November 2008 Bestätigt  Bestätigung steht aus   

AARL DXCC-Länderliste